"Makedoniyalı İsgəndər" səhifəsinin versiyaları arasındakı fərqlər

 
== İstinadlar ==
{{reflist |3|refs =<!-- List of named references in alphabetic order (grouped by 1st letter) --><ref name=Aelian>{{Citation | last = Aelian | chapter-url = http://penelope.uchicago.edu/aelian/varhist12.xhtml#chap64 | title = Varia Historia | volume = XII | chapter = 64}}.</ref><ref name=AelXII7>{{Citation | last = Aelian | title = Varia Historia | chapter-url = http://penelope.uchicago.edu/aelian/varhist12.xhtml#chap7 | volume = XII | chapter = 7}}.</ref><ref name=AIII16>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book3b.asp III, 16]}}</ref><ref name=AMD>{{cite journal |last1=Oldach|first1= DW |last2= Richard|first2= RE |last3= Borza|first3= EN | last4 = Benitez| first4= RM |title=A mysterious death |journal= N. Engl. J. Med. |volume= 338 |issue= 24 | pages = 1764–69 |date=June 1998 |pmid=9625631 |url=http://content.nejm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=short&pmid=9625631&promo=ONFLNS19 |doi= 10.1056/NEJM199806113382411}}</ref><!--<ref name=appian>{{Citation | last = Appian | title = History of the Syrian Wars | at = §10 and §11 | url = http://www.livius.org/ap-ark/appian/appian_syriaca_02.html | publisher = Livius}}.</ref>--><ref name=ashrafian>{{cite journal |last=Ashrafian|first= H |title=The death of Alexander the Great—a spinal twist of fate |journal=J Hist Neurosci |volume=13 |pages=138–42 |year=2004 |doi= 10.1080/0964704049052157 | pmid =15370319 |issue=2}}</ref><ref name=AVI27>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book6b.asp VI, 27]}}</ref><ref name=AVII11>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book7a.asp VII, 11]}}</ref><ref name=AVII14>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book7a.asp VII, 14]}}</ref><ref name=AVII19>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book7b.asp VII, 19]}}</ref><ref name=AVII27>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book7b.asp VII, 27]}}</ref><ref name=AVII29>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book7b.asp VII, 29]}}</ref><ref name=AVII4>{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book7a.asp VII, 4]}}</ref><ref name=BriefLife81>{{harvnb|Gergel|2004|p= 81}}</ref><ref name=BriefLife99>{{harvnb|Gergel|2004|p= 99}}</ref><ref name=BriefLife120>{{harvnb|Gergel|2004|p= 120}}</ref><ref name=Depuydt>{{cite journal |last=Depuydt|first= L |title=The Time of Death of Alexander the Great: 11 June 323 BC, ca. 4:00–5:00 pm |journal=Die Welt des Orients |volume=28|pages= 117–35}}</ref><ref name="DiodXVI">{{harvnb|Diodorus Siculus|1989|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Diod.+16.86 XVI, 86]}}</ref><ref name=DSXVII77>{{harvnb|Diodorus Siculus|1989|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Diod.+17.77.1 XVII, 77]}}</ref><ref name=DSXVII114>{{harvnb|Diodorus Siculus|1989|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Diod.+17.114.1 XVII, 114]}}</ref><ref name=DSXVII117>{{harvnb|Diodorus Siculus|1989|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Diod.+17.117.1 XVII, 117]}}</ref><ref name=DSXVII118>{{harvnb|Diodorus Siculus|1989|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Diod.+17.118.1 XVII, 118]}}</ref><ref name=DSXVIII4>{{harvnb|Diodorus Siculus|1989|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Diod.+18.4.1 XVIII, 4]}}</ref><ref name=Fox72-73>{{harvnb|Fox|1980|pp= 72–73}}</ref><ref name=g1>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 1–2}}</ref><ref name=g4>{{harvnb|Green|2007|p= 4}}</ref><ref name=g15>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 15–16}}</ref><ref name=g20>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 20–21}}</ref><ref name=g21>{{harvnb|Green|2007|p= 21}}</ref><ref name=g23>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 23–24}}</ref><ref name=g24>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 24–26}}</ref><ref name=g26>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 26–29}}</ref><ref name=g29>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 29–4}}</ref><ref name=g56>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= 56–59}}</ref><ref name=grimal>{{harvnb|Bosworth 1988|pp= 71–74}}</ref><ref name=gxii>{{harvnb|Green|2007|pp= xii–xix}}</ref><ref name="H83">{{harvnb|Hammond|1983|pp= 72–73}}</ref><ref name=H86>{{harvnb|Hammond|1986|p= 516}}</ref><ref name=Holt3>{{harvnb|Holt|2003|p= 3}}</ref><ref name="I, 1">{{harvnb|Arrian|1976|loc= [http://websfor.org/alexander/arrian/book1a.asp I, 1]}}</ref><ref name=Ind118>{{harvnb|Tripathi|1999|pp= 118–21}}</ref><ref name=Ind124>{{harvnb|Tripathi|1999|pp= 124–25}}</ref><ref name=Ind126>{{harvnb|Tripathi|1999|pp= 126–27}}</ref><ref name=Ind129>{{harvnb|Tripathi|1999|pp= 129–30}}</ref><ref name=Ind137>{{harvnb|Tripathi|1999|pp= [http://books.google.com/?id=WbrcVcT-GbUC&pg=PA134&dq=Malloi++Alexander 137–38]}}</ref><ref name=Ind141>{{harvnb|Tripathi|1999|p= 141}}</ref><ref name=keay82>{{harvnb|Keay|2001|pp= 82–85}}</ref><ref name=k101>{{harvnb|Keay|2001|pp= 101–9}}</ref><ref name=M33-34-R>{{harvnb|Renault|2001|pp= 33–34}}</ref><ref name=M50-51-R>{{harvnb|Renault|2001|pp= 50–51}}</ref><ref name=M51-R>{{harvnb|Renault|2001|p= 51}}</ref><ref name=M54-R>{{harvnb|Renault|2001|p= 54}}</ref><ref name=McCarty27>{{harvnb|McCarty|2004|p= 27}}</ref><ref name=murphy>{{harvnb|McCarty|2004|p= 17}}</ref><ref name=N10-M>{{harvnb|McCarty|2004|p= 10}}</ref><ref name=N30-31-M>{{harvnb|McCarty|2004|pp= 30–31}}</ref><ref name=N31-M>{{harvnb|McCarty|2004|p= 31}}</ref><ref name=P21-B>{{harvnb|Bose|2003|p= 21}}</ref><ref name=P27>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D27 XXVII, 1]}}</ref><ref name=P72>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D72 LXXII, 1]}}</ref><ref name=P75>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D75 LXXV, 1]}}</ref><ref name=P75-B>{{harvnb|Bose|2003|p= 75}}</ref><ref name=P96-Bose>{{harvnb|Bose|2003|p= 96}}</ref><ref name=PA2>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D3%3Asection%3D2 III, 2]}}</ref><ref name=PA3>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D9%3Asection%3D4 IX, IV]}}</ref><ref name=PA4>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D4%3Asection%3D4 IV, 4]}}</ref><ref name=PA5>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D5%3Asection%3D2 V, 2]}}</ref><ref name=PA6>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D6%3Asection%3D5 VI, 5]}}</ref><ref name=PA7>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D7%3Asection%3D1 VII, 1]}}</ref><ref name=PA8>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D8%3Asection%3D1 VIII, 1]}}</ref><ref name=PA9>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D9 IX, 1]}}</ref><ref name=PA62>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0243:chapter=62&highlight=ganges LXII, 1]}}</ref><ref name=PA46>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0243:chapter=46&highlight=lysimachus%2Conesicritus LXVI, 1]}}</ref><ref name=PA77>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0243:chapter=77&highlight=poisoning LXXVII, 1]}}</ref><ref name=PA45>{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0243%3Achapter%3D45 LXV, 1]}}</ref><ref name="Plutarch, Caesar, 11">{{harvnb|Plutarch|1919|loc= [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0244:chapter=11&highlight=alexander XI, 2]}}</ref><ref name=R64-F>{{harvnb|Fox|1980|p= 64}}</ref><ref name=R65-F>{{harvnb|Fox|1980|p= 65}}</ref><ref name=R65-66-F>{{harvnb|Fox|1980|pp= 65–66}}</ref><ref name=R68-F>{{harvnb|Fox|1980|p= 68}}</ref><ref name=ref1>{{cite journal |last1=Marr |first1=John S |last2= Calisher |first2= Charles H |year= 2003 | title = Alexander the Great and West Nile Virus Encephalitis | journal = Emerging Infectious Diseases | volume = 9 | issue =12 |pages=1599–1603 |doi= 10.3201/eid0912.030288 | format = [[PDF]] | url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3034319/pdf/03-0288.pdf | pmc= 3034319| accessdate= 23 December 2012 | pmid = 14725285}}</ref><ref name="Renault, p. 28">{{harvnb|Renault|2001|p= 28}}</ref><ref name=Renault47-49>{{harvnb|Renault|2001|pp=47–49}}</ref><ref name="Renault, p. 72">{{harvnb|Renault|2001|p=72}}</ref><ref name=sarco1>{{cite web | last = Kosmetatou | first = Elizabeth | title = The Location of the Tomb: Facts and Speculation | year = 1998 | publisher=Greece.org | url = http://www.greece.org/alexandria/alexander/pages/location.html | archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20040531025749/http://www.greece.org/alexandria/alexander/pages/location.html | archivedate = 31 May 2004 | accessdate = 16 December 2011}}</ref><ref name=sarco2>{{cite web | last = Kosmetatou | first = Elizabeth | title = The Aftermath: The Burial of Alexander the Great | year = 1998 | publisher = Greece.org | url = http://www.greece.org/alexandria/alexander/pages/aftermath.html | archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20040827134332/http://www.greece.org/alexandria/alexander/pages/aftermath.html | archivedate = 27 August 2004 | accessdate = 16 December 2011}}</ref><ref name=stoneman>{{harvnb|Stoneman|2004|p=2}}</ref>}}
 
==Mənbələr==
5.974

edits