İtaliya faşizmi

İtaliya faşizmi (it. fascismo italiano), həmçinin klassik faşizm və ya sadəcə faşizmİtaliyada inkişaf etmiş faşist ideologiyası. Bu ideologiya Benito Mussolininin rəhbərliyi altında 1922–1943-cü illərdə İtaliya krallığını idarə edən Milli Faşist Partiyası, 1943–1945-ci illərdə hakimiyyətdə olmuş Respublikaçı Faşist Partiyası, İtaliya Sosial Hərəkatı və digər neofaşist hərəkatları ilə əlaqələndirilir. İtaliya faşizmi italyan milliyətçiliyindən və İtaliya ərazisini genişləndirmək istəyindən qaynaqlanır.[1] Faşistlər millətin üstünlüyünü və gücünü bəyan etməkdə bunu vacib hesab edirlər. İtaliya faşistləri müasir İtaliyanın Qədim Romanın varisi olduğunu iddia edirdilər.[2]

İtaliya faşizmi ilə ən çox assosiasiya olunan Benito Mussolini.

İstinadlarRedaktə

  1. Aristotle A. Kallis. Fascist ideology: territory and expansionism in Italy and Germany, 1922–1945. London, England, UK; New York City, USA: Routledge, 2000. Hal. 41.
  2. Aristotle A. Kallis. Fascist ideology: territory and expansionism in Italy and Germany, 1922–1945. London, England, UK; New York City, USA: Routledge, 2000. Hal. 50.

Əlavə ədəbiyyatRedaktə

  • "Labor Charter" (1927–1934).
  • Mussolini, Benito. Faşizm doktrinası.
  • Sorel, Georges. Reflections on Violence.
  • Acemoglu, Daron; De Feo, Giuseppe; De Luca, Giacomo; Russo, Gianluca (2022). "War, Socialism, and the Rise of Fascism: An Empirical Exploration". The Quarterly Journal of Economics
  • De Felice, Renzo Interpretations of Fascism, translated by Brenda Huff Everett, Cambridge; London: Harvard University Press, 1977 ISBN 0-674-45962-8.
  • Eatwell, Roger. 1996. Fascism: A History. New York: Allen Lane.
  • Hughes, H. Stuart. 1953. The United States and Italy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Kertzer, David I. The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe. Oxford University Press. 2014. ISBN 9780198716167.
  • Paxton, Robert O. 2004. The Anatomy of Fascism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, ISBN 1-4000-4094-9.
  • Payne, Stanley G. 1995. A History of Fascism, 1914–45. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press ISBN 0-299-14874-2.
  • Reich, Wilhelm. 1970. The Mass Psychology of Fascism. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
  • Seldes, George. 1935. Sawdust Caesar: The Untold History of Mussolini and Fascism. New York and London: Harper and Brothers.
  • Smith, Denis Mack. "Mussolini, Artist in Propaganda: The Downfall of Fascism" History Today (Apr 1959) 9#4 pp 223–232.
  • Alfred Sohn-Rethel Economy and Class Structure of German Fascism, London, CSE Bks, 1978 ISBN 0-906336-00-7.
  • Adler, Frank, and Danilo Breschi, eds., Special Issue on Italian Fascism, TELOS 133 (Winter 2005).
  • De Felice, Renzo Fascism: An Informal Introduction to Its Theory and Practice: An Interview with Michael Ledeen, New Brunswick, N.J. : Transaction Books, 1976 ISBN 0-87855-190-5.
  • Fritzsche, Peter. 1990. Rehearsals for Fascism: Populism and Political Mobilization in Weimar Germany. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505780-5.
  • Gregor, A. James "Mussolini's Intellectuals: Fascist Social and Political Thought". Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-691-12790-3.
  • Griffin, Roger. 2000. "Revolution from the Right: Fascism," chapter in David Parker (ed.) Revolutions and the Revolutionary Tradition in the West 1560–1991, Routledge, London.
  • Laqueur, Walter. 1966. Fascism: Past, Present, Future, New York: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
  • Schapiro, J. Salwyn. 1949. Liberalism and The Challenge of Fascism, Social Forces in England and France (1815–1870). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Laclau, Ernesto. 1977. Politics and Ideology in Marxist Theory: Capitalism, Fascism, Populism. London: NLB/Atlantic Highlands Humanities Press.
  • Sternhell, Zeev with Mario Sznajder and Maia Asheri. [1989] 1994. The Birth of Fascist Ideology, From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution., Trans. David Maisei. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Coogan, Kevin. 1999. Dreamer of the Day: Francis Parker Yockey and the Postwar Fascist International. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Autonomedia.
  • Gregor, A. James. 2006. "The Search for Neofascism: The Use and Abuse of Social Science". New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Griffin, Roger. 1991. The Nature of Fascism. New York: St. Martin's Press.
  • Paxton, Robert O. 2004. The Anatomy of Fascism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Weber, Eugen. [1964] 1985. Varieties of Fascism: Doctrines of Revolution in the Twentieth Century, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, contains chapters on fascist movements in different countries.
  • Wallace, Henry. "The Dangers of American Fascism". The New York Times, Sunday, 9 April 1944.
  • Trotsky, Leon. 1944 "Fascism, What it is and how to fight it" Pioneer Publishers (pamphlet).

Xarici keçidlərRedaktə